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Winchester Discounts

1894 6¢ Garfield - U.S. #256

1894 6¢ Garfield - U.S. #256

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U.S. #256 1894 6¢ Garfield

  • Issued: July 18, 1894
  • Issue Quantity: 5,120,800
  • Printed by: Bureau of Engraving and Printing
  • Watermark: None
  • Perforation: 12
  • Color: Dull brown

The 1894 6¢ Garfield stamp was the first of its series to be issued.

First BEP Postage Stamp:

On July 18, 1894, the post office issued the first US postage stamp printed by the Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP).

The BEP was established in 1862, following the outbreak of the Civil War. When the firing on Fort Sumter began, the nation was already on the verge of bankruptcy and was in no position to finance a war. This matter, along with other war issues, prompted President Lincoln to call a special session of Congress. During this session, Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase suggested issuing noninterest-bearing notes that would circulate as money and a system of domestic taxation.

Congress adopted the Chase plan, and as a result, the first government-issued paper money came into existence. That same year, the president appointed a commissioner of internal revenue, who was given the authority to assess, levy, and collect taxes. Items such as medicine, perfume, cosmetics, alcohol, and tobacco were taxed, and stamps were provided as proof of collection of the tax. The BEP began by printing only the beer and cigar stamps, but by 1878, nearly all revenue stamps were produced by them.

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